In 2013, the National Treasury, in partnership with the Department of Performance Monitoring and Evaluation in the Presidency, initiated a series of performance and expenditure reviews (PERs) of selected public programmes or policies. Projects were chosen on the basis of recommendations by the Ministers’ Committee on the Budget (a sub-committee of Cabinet), and officials of DPME and National Treasury. PERs involve the close scrutiny of both expenditure and programme performance data, and are widely used internationally for quantifying, assessing and improving the cost effectiveness of public policy and the cost-effectiveness of public spending. They are also used to cost the implications of legislative changes and policy choices. Read more....